Three phase induction motors have a very simple construction composed of a stator covered with electromagnets, and a rotor made up of conductors shorted at each end, arranged as a “squirrel cage”. They work on the theory of induction where a rotating electro-magnetic field it produced by applying a three-phase current at the stators electromagnets. This in turn induces a current inside the rotor’s conductors, which in turns generates rotor’s magnetic field that attempts to follow stator’s magnetic field, pulling the rotor into rotation.
Benefits of AC Induction Motors are:
Induction motors are basic and rugged in structure. They are more robust and can operate in virtually any environmental condition
Induction motors are cheaper in expense due to simple rotor construction, lack of brushes, commutators, and slip rings
They are free of maintenance motors unlike dc motors because of the absence of brushes, commutators and slip rings
Induction motors can be operated in polluted and explosive environments as they do not have brushes which can cause sparks
AC Induction motors are Asynchronous Machines and therefore the rotor does not switch at the specific same speed since the stator’s rotating magnetic field. Some difference in the rotor and stator quickness is necessary in order to produce the induction in to the rotor. The difference between your two is named the slip. Slip must be kept within an optimal range to ensure that the motor to use efficiently. Roboteq AC Induction controllers could be configured to operate in another of three modes:
Scallar (or Volts per Hertz): an Open up loop mode in which a command causes a simultaneous, fixed-ratio Frequency and Voltage modify.
Controlled Slip: a Induction in Motor Closed Loop speed where voltage and frequency are controlled to keep slip within a narrow range while running at a desired speed.
Field Oriented Control (Vector Drive): a Closed Loop Swiftness and Torque control that works by optimizing the rotating field of the stator vs. this of the induced field in the rotor.
See this video from Learning Engineering for a visual illustration on how AC Induction Motors are constructed and work.